The epidemiologic study of neonatal jaundice, relation between jaundice and liver and alternative methods to cure jaundice

Hamidreza Shirzadfar*, Kowsar Sheikhi and Zahra Meschian

Neonatal Jaundice is one of the most common diseases at birth. The goals of this study are understanding jaundice in newborns, the effects of this disease on the body; especially liver, and finally the treatment methods for this disease. According to the tests conducted since the discovery of the disease up to now, a significant percentage of new-borns at the very beginning or after several days of birth have a jaundice which, according to the conditions and factors influencing the disease, Bilirubin in newborn's blood, the severity of jaundice is different in each infant. The liver is the largest visceral structure in the abdomen and the largest gland in the body, with about 1500 grams weight in adults. Colour of the liver is reddish brown and it is located below the chest on the right side of the abdomen below the diaphragm. In the infant's body, new red blood cells are recovered every day. These red blood cells are broken down faster than the infant's liver can handle them. A yellowish substance called bilirubin, which is caused by the breakdown of red blood cells, is typically taken and removed from the blood by the liver. During pregnancy, the mother's liver receives bilirubin from the fetus’s body and excretes it. But because the infant's liver did not grow sufficiently at the time of birth, it may be difficult to absorb and eliminate bilirubin from the infant's body, which is caused by jaundice in the new-born. In this article, we try to explain the liver, jaundice and its impact on newborns, and also treatment methods.