Erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction improvement related to spinal cord injury recovery after combination approach of rehabilitation and mesenchymal stem cell implantation

Ahmad Jabir Rahyussalim*, Ponco Birowo,Tri Kurniawati andToto Suryo Efar

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a devastating condition that often leads to permanent functional and neurological deficits in injured individuals. One of the most overlooked consequences of spinal cord injury is sexual functions, such as erectile and ejaculatory dysfunction. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been reported as adjunctive treatment to SCI cases. Some animal studies reported both functional and conductivity improvement after MSCs application. Clinical studies on human has also been conducted in small basis, but so far showed equivocal results.