Effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding prevention and control of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus on Nurses' knowledge and attitude in Egypt

Nahla Shaaban Khalil*, Asmaa Diab Abdel-Fattah Hassan

Background: Because of rapid occurrence and ever-mutating attributes of MRSA infection that makes it difficult to detect and manage. Therefore, nurses need to be knowledgeable of MRSA. Aim: To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programmer on knowledge and attitude regarding prevention and control of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus among medical-surgical and ICU nurses in Egypt. Material and Method: Pre/post-quasi-experimental study design was conducted over a period of six months consisted of a random sample of 60 nurses worked in critical and medical-surgical settings at Al Manial university hospital in Egypt. Pre/post Knowledge and attitude questionnaires regarding MRSA were constructed by the researchers and their validity was examined by a panel of experts. Data was gathered and analyzed utilizing descriptive and inferential statistical tests. The findings revealed the significant increase in nurses' knowledge after teaching program regarding definition, risk. Results: Factors, pathogenesis, prevention, and treatment. Moreover, nurses' showed significant improvements in the attitude towards prevention and control of MRSA infection after exposure to educational program but showed no change regarding the concern of the workload affects their abilities to apply infection prevention guidelines and they still feel with danger when contacting with MRSA patients and they see that they should spend little time with MRSA patient. Conclusion: There was an improvement in nurses' knowledge and attitude responses regarding MRSA control and prevention after exposure to the educational programme. Recommendations: Develop and implement nurses' practical guidelines to prevent and control MRSA infection in a different health care setting